Bypass surgery is also known as Coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG), and the prime aim of this surgery is to replace damaged or broken arteries in the patient heart with blood vessels from any other part of the body. Usually, a person will require heart bypass surgery or CABG if the coronary arteries of the person have become so narrowed or blocked that the person runs a great risk of a deadly heart attack. This situation is called coronary artery disease or atherosclerosis.
The Risks Associated With Heart Bypass Surgery
Coronary artery bypass surgery is open-heart surgery. It is major surgery, so there are some major risks, like.
- Arrhythmia (Irregular heartbeat that is rare)
- Heart attack due to blood clots
- infection of the wound
- kidney failure and stroke
- Blood clots and chest pain
- Fluid build-up in the lungs (pleural effusion)
- Blood clots in the leg veins (thrombosis)
- memory problems
- Infection of the wound
How We Prepare for Heart Bypass Surgery
We at ChirayuSuperspeciality hospital will provide you complete instructions or guidelines on how to get ready for heart bypass surgery. Our heart bypass surgery specialist doctors and the team will ask some questions regarding your health conditions during pre-operative appointments. Therefore, you need to be prepared with a list of medications you are taking with supplements. If you have gone through any major surgery or surgeries in the past, then you must tell our doctors about them with detailed. It is extremely important that you answer all these questions as completely and sincerely as possible.
You will undergo many tests like blood samples, chest X-ray, angiogram and electrocardiogram as these will our doctors to get a precise picture of your health.
How We Preformed Heart Bypass Surgery
As you know now the bypass surgery is to bridge damaged or blocked arteries in the heart. So, the surgeon requires a new piece of blood vessels that can be taken from your forearm, chest or the leg. The CABG procedure is completed with common anesthesia due to which you do not feel anything or remember during the heart bypass surgery. Our surgeon will make a cut in the middle of your chest and separate your breast bone, so he or she can get to the heart and coronary arteries.
There are two options at this point; first, your heart can be stopped for about a half hour (30) -one-a half hour (90) minutes whereas the machine does its job by adding oxygen or pumping oxygen-rich blood through your body. The second option is if you experience any problem while on the heart-lung machine, the doctor can be done without stopping the heart. After the new layer or vein, the graft is in its place, and the bypass surgeon will close breastbone with the help of stitches. This procedure takes minimum of 5 to 7 hours. You will be shifted to the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) for recovery and observation.